A study by a group of London politicians has found that the Congestion Charge should be scrapped and replaced.
The London Assembly Transport Committee, which authored the report, found that half of Londoners were in favour of the move.
The proposed new system would see drivers charged based on a group of factors, such as how often they got behind the wheel.
The Congestion Charge, introduced in 2003, means many drivers have to pay £11.50 to enter a zone in Central London between the hours of 7am and 6pm on weekdays.
It is enforced by cameras placed around the zone.
“Something dramatic has to be done about the enormous congestion problem on London’s roads,” said Caroline Pidgeon, the committee’s chair and former Lib Dem mayoral candidate.
“The issue is costing our city money and costing Londoners their health and well-being.
“Transport for London is doing a lot to tackle congestion, but not enough. Road pricing would be a fairer approach as road users would pay according to how much they contribute to congestion.
“It’s a bold move but our survey shows that road users are in favour and the current congestion charge is far too blunt an instrument and too narrow in scope,” she added.